Semi-worsted yarn is the yarn most commonly used in knitting, with an approximate diameter of 100 cm/stroke and weight approximately 200 g. Yarn is classified into two forms: hessian and merino. The former type of fiber is known as "normal" wool; while the latter is known as "luxe" wool. In addition, it has been found that a highly treated and processed material called "monofilament" also has the ability to be spun into yarn. This has made the highly valued semi-worsted yarn or "cashmere" a very sought after product all over the world. Cashmere is used in making cashmere sweaters, scarves, shawls, socks and gloves. It has become a staple item in many Indian households and a fashion accessory for many others.
A very fine and luxurious wool, cashmere can be described as a material that retains its shine and luster and maintains an elegant sheen even after several washes. Its soft and silky feel gives it an extraordinarily pleasant feel. In addition, it drapes well and is considered ideal for crafting beautiful bed covers and nightgowns. Cashmere is ideal for crafting clothing and accessories because of its amazing strength and durability. It can resist heavy weights and is known to shrink slightly when exposed to heat. Thus, semi-worsted yarn made from cashmere is perfect for crafting winter wear because of its ideal properties and comfort.
Lace is a fine, lightweight and elegant fiber. It is ideal for sweaters and dresses because of its light and gentle texture. It is available in a variety of natural shades and is known for its lustrous appearance and smooth, shiny appearance. Though this fiber exhibits good static control, using shorter rolled and tightly woven yarns gives lace a rough and tumble appearance. When spun on a shorter loom, using longer, smoothly twisted fibers prepares the fabric for wearing, making it look softer and more elegant.
Long and short spin wool are two types of semi-worsted yarn that are used for making shawls, hats, wraps, gloves, sweaters, skirts, dresses, and other apparel. Long spun wool is spun on a larger loom than short spun wool so that the fabric has a fuller, silkier look. Shorter spun wool is less elastic and displays a more loosely spun appearance. Long, spun wool is also excellent for making sweaters and scarves because it is good for drape, while shorter spun wool tends to retain its shape better when spun on smaller loom.
Wool is categorized into three types including; merino wool, long wool and short wool, and worsted wool, also called double-faced wool or kangaroo wool. All these different types have their own unique qualities, characteristics and features, thus they have different uses. For example, kangaroo wool is known as extremely soft and gentle, and double-faced wool can be utilized in a variety of applications including dresses, sweaters, hats, bags, carpets and curtains, while merino wool can be used for making sweaters, shawls and even cashmere.